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Dr. Fox’s papers coincided with the opening of the Archives in August 22, 2007.

Scope and Contents Note

  The heirs of Robert B. Fox turned over his collection to the University of the Philippines Baguio in 2007. The exhibit of Dr. Fox’s papers coincided with the opening of the Archives in August 22, 2007. His collection includes field notes, photographs, correspondences, published works, theses, undergraduate as well as graduate student papers, newspaper clippings, maps, financial records, drafts of his books and papers, conference programs, conference papers, office memos, manuscripts of works of other anthropologists, beta tapes, drawings and other personal papers.

   Robert Fox’s collection measures approximately 17.33 linear feet.

Biographical Note

  Robert Bradford Fox was born on May 11, 1918, in Galveston, Texas. He received his AB (Anthropology) from the University of Southern California (1941); his MA (Anthropology) from the University of Texas (1944); and his Ph.D. (Anthropology) from the University of Chicago (1954). Fox was a distinguished American anthropologist who made substantive and enduring contributions to Philippine anthropology through his research, publications, teaching, and public service.

   Fox was for many years the Chief Anthropologist of the Philippine National Museum. Besides his service with the National Museum, Dr. Fox taught at the University of the Philippines and served as Presidential Assistant for National Minorities and Presidential Adviser on Anthropology under then President Ferdinand E. Marcos.

   For some four years and eight months, Fox conducted field research among numerous folk and mountain peoples in the Philippines. He spent more than six years of cave and open-site archaeology in Albay, Batangas, Palawan, Pampanga, Sorsogon, and numerous brief periods of explorations in other areas. With colleagues at the National Museum of the Philippines, Fox excavated the Tabon caves in Palawan, which led to the discovery of the late Pleistocene human fossil remains and associated stone implements. The fossil finds which represented more than just one individual and better known as the “Tabon Man,” include a skull cap, jaw bones, teeth and several other fragmented bones. Their age has been determined using Radiometric dating, giving dates between 16500 ± 2000 B.P. for the skull cap and 48000 ± 11-10000 B.P. for the tibia fragment.

   Fox’s major publications include, “The Pinatubo Negritos : Their Useful Plants and Material Culture,” The Philippine Journal of Science (1951); “Religion and Society Among the Tagbanuwa of Palawan Island, Philippines,” (1954); and “The Tabon Caves : Archaeological Excavations on Palawan Island, Philippines (1962-65),” Philippine Journal of Science.


Zamora, Mario D. “Obituary: Robert Bradford Fox (1918-1985),” The Journal of Asian Studies. 45(3): 667. May 1986.

Box 1 (Field Notes)
 •I Tagbanuwa “West Coast” 1965 II El Nido Survey
 •Tagbanuwa Notes 1966
 •Tagbanuwa IV
 •Masukol Catalogue : Masukol #1
 •Masukol #2
 •Masukol No.3
 •Negrito I and Tagalog : Villar-Pinatubo Negrito; Zambales Negrito
 •#2 Villar – Pinatubo Negrito : Zambales
 •#3 Villar – Pinatubo Negrito
 •#4 Pinatubo Negrito and Sambal
 •Field Book XIII : Tagbanuwa “Customary Law”
 •Tagalog & Dumagat 1
 •Dumagat & Tagalog
 •#1 Dumagat (Polilio-Island) : Nov.-Dec. 1948
 •Dumagit (N.E. Polillo Is) #2

Box 2 (Field Notes)
 •Type Collection of Philippine Shells of Alice & Bob Fox (begun January 1956)
 •Tagalog 2
 •Collection Book for Zambales
 •The Bato Caves
 •Palanan Trip
 •Negrito in the “Dinalupihan Area” #2
 •Expense and Collec Abalin IX
 •[(Masukol) Kinship] w/ Diary 8/2/56 & May
 •Siasi [Blue Memo Book]
 •Anda – June 3, 1957 [Blue green memo book]
 •Sulu Field Notes February 28, 1957 [Blue memo book]
 •Guest Book Lipuun Point, Palawan, Tabon, Quezon. National Museum, Field Station, Palawan

Box 3 (Field Notes)
 •Field Notes VIII-A [Tagbanuwa]
 •Field Notes VIII-B [Tagbanuwa]
 •Field Book IX
 •Field Book #X
 •Field Book XIV : Ethnobotany A 1962
 •Field Book XV : Ethnobotany B 1962
 •Ethnobotany C : 1962
 •Ethnobotany D : 1962
 •Ethnobotany E : 1962
 •Ethnozoology A (Tagbanuwa)
 •Field Book XVII
 •Field Book XVIII
 •Field Book XIX
 •Field Book XX
 •Field Book XXI
 •Field Book XVI
 •Jar Photographs
 •Agta Palanan Isabela
 •February 28, 1962 Diary; Pagdiwata of Apay Barari, Palawan
•Law 1961-1962 Aborlan Area
•Yugunan, Manayli
•(Cave) Uring-Uring Excavation
•Palawan Pito Lapits’ Songs (Also on Tape)
•Ransang, Quezon
•Lunay Pagdiwata
•Notes of Mrs. Fern Fox. French Translations of Folkstories

Box 4
•Contains 633 photographs

Box 5
•Contains 69 photo negatives

Box 6
•Contains the edited copy of “Tabon Caves : Archaeological Explorations and Excavations on Palawan Island, Philippines.” 

Box 7 to 9
•Contains Tagbanuwa papers. Each folder is labeled by topic.
•Aborlan Schools
•Census Forms Completed
•Conklin Ethnobotany

•Custom Law
 •English Lexicon (Notes on Syllabary)
 •Field Notes typed by subject
 •Function of Religion in Society
 •Kaingin Studies
 •Movements and Migrations
 •Newspaper Clippings
 •Notes (Miscellaneous)
 •Pagdiwata Data
 •Pagdiwata Turon Recorded by Jose Maceda
 •Pagdiwata of Kadat
 •Pagdiwata of Inting
 •Place Names and Villages
 •Political and Jural Data
 •Publication – The function of Religion in Society
 •Religion Notes
 •Rice Wine Complex
 •Rice Wine Complex Among the Tagbanuwa
 •Rupina’s Pagdiwata
 •Syllabic Writing Data

Box 10 to 11
   Contains outgoing and in-coming communications of Dr. Fox and fellow anthropologists. Folders are labeled by year.

A. General Correspondences

B. Outgoing Communications

Box 12
 •Fox—Affiliations of Mindanao Cultures
 •Agta—Bion Griffin Project
 •Agta-Casiguran Vocabulary ANTH -4-3-8
 •Agta (Palanan) Field Notes : Norton Winters
 •Ahmedabad Hindu—Moslem Riots-1969
 •Aklan and Antique Census
 •Alaph Negros
 •Alsaybar, Bangele G. Revitalization in Philippine Society : the Case of the Lapiang Malaya
 •Ambahan (Mangyan)
 •Ancient Man and Pleistocene Fauna in Cagayan Valley, Northern Luzon, Philippines : A Progress Report
 •Fox Reprints—Ancient Filipino Communities—Fox Reprints
 •Anderson, James N. Third Quarterly Report Submitted to the Ford Foundation
 •Anthropometry Form 

Box 13
 •Archaeology Course (Harvard)
 •Archaeology—Newspaper Clippings ANTH-2-1-11
 •Archaeology—Newspaper Clippings
 •Arens—Camote Ritual in Leyte and Samar
 •A-1 Asia Foundation 1967
 •Asia Foundation Grant “Frontiers of Philippine Archaeology”
 •Aspects of Batak Social Organization
 •Ata—Mabini Forest Reserve
 •Ati—Negros Marikudo, Isabela
 •Ati—Panay Iloilo Guimaras Team
 •Ati Project (PNM), Appendix to the
 •ATI Settlement Project (Photographs)
 •Australian & New Zealand Correspondence
 •Ayta (Pinatubo) – Anito or “Spirits”

Box 14
 •Barotac Viejo (Sitio Nagpana) Report
 •Barton—Negrito Trip ANTH-4-31-2
 •Barton, R.F. A Comparison of the Present World Situation With the Kalinga State
 •Batak—Bailen & Hernandez Paper
 •Batak—David & Joan Ruhnke
 •Batak Project – Juan D. Artajo
 •Batak—Report on the Batak (Mariko Fujikura)
 •Batangan—Occidental Mindoro
 •Beyer, H.O. The Dumagats of Luzon
 •Beyer Collection
 •Bibliography for—?
 •Bilateralism ANTH-4-30-6
 •Bilateralism – P.W.U. Students ANTH -4-30-7
 •Blade Tool
 •Bow and Arrow Complex

Box 15
 •British Restrictions on Asiatic Britons
 •Brosius, J. Peter. The Zambales Negritos : Economic Reponses to Deforestation
 •C-14 Dates – New Hebrides
 •Cagayan Report : Fox & Peralta
 •Calatagan Earthenwares
 •Calatagan Excavations
 •Camiguin Island – Archaeological Survey

Box 16
 •Archaeology Carreon–Maragtas : A Pre-Spanish History of the Island of Panay ANTH-4-31-4
 •Negrito Casiguran Field Data ANTH -4-3-9
 •Celebes—“Ancient Pottery and Porcelain in Southern Lands”—Ito and Kamakura
 •Chang, Kwang Chi. Ancient Farmers in the Asian Tropics : Major Problems for Archaeological and Palaoenvironmental Investigations of Southeast…
 •The Church and the Bilaans of Lun-Malapatan Area—Bilaan
 •Code of Ethics for Applied Anthropology
 •Code of Ethics of the Society for Applied Anthropology
 •Collections—Museum’s & Sponsors Share
 •Commission on National Integration (C.N.I.)
 •Fox—Concepts From Anthropology that can Contribute to Better Patient Care
 •Conference on Early Palaeolithic of East Asia (Aug. ’78)
 •Crisis Reporting
 •Cultural Areas of the Philippines ANTH-4-30-2
 •Cultural-Linguistic Groups Survey
 •Cultural Minorities in the Philippines
 •Fox—Curriculum Vitae

Box 17
 •Dobzhansky, Theodosius. Biological Evolution in Island Populations
 •Directions—Newsletter of NSDB
 •Dumagats – Palanan
 •Illustrations & Photographs of (Echague) Excavations – FEATI Data and Pictures
 •The Economics of Prejudice
 •Tiruray—Edwards, Hamilton.
 •Eggan—The Ethnological Cultures and Their Archaeological Backgrounds
 •Eggan, Dorothy. Instruction and Affect in Hopi Cultural Community
 •Elizalde, Manuel. The Tasaday Forest
 •Elizalde Speeches
 •Evolution of the Human Mind
 •Eye Chart

Box 18
 •Faces of the Filipino—Fox & Peralta
 •Far-Eastern Prehistory Association Symposium Papers
 •Fathauer, George. An Analysis of the Methodology Employed by G. Hatt in “Moccasins and their Relation to Arctic Footwear.”
 •The Filipino Concept of Self-Esteem
 •Filipino Heritage – Roces
 •The Filipino Family in Perspective by Dr. R.B. Fox
 •Filipino Heritage—Manuscripts
 •Filipino Political Behavior in the Barrio Today ANTH-4-30-15
 •[Folklore Materials] 

Box 19
 •Fr. Demetrio & Xavier University
 •Frake, C.O.
 •Francisco, Juan R. Notes on the Indo-Philippine Images
 •Archaeology—Francisco —Sri Vijaya and the Philippines : A Review
 •Geography of the Far East
 •Hanunoo—Betel Nut
 •Harrisson, Tom ANTH 1-2-6
 •Henry, J. Bibliography for Anthropology 351, Personality and Culture
 •Hongkong & China Finds
 •Horney, Karen. The Neurotic Personality of Our Time

Box 20
 •Iban “Family System” by Freeman
 •Ifugao Folklore [given to Fox at Banaue by Supervising Teacher]
 •Immigration Affidavit
 •Iraya Field Notes MacDonald’s Paper
 •Archaeology—Iron in the Philippines
 •Isneg—Health Practices
 •Jacob, Teuku. Evolution of Man in Southeast Asia
 •Jacobsen, Thorkild. The Relative Roles of Technology and Literacy in the development of Old World Civilization
 •Jama Mapun
 •Jar Study
 •Johnson Notes on El Nido

Box 21
 •Kano—Translations from Japanese
 •Archaeology—Karl Hutterer—Sohoton Archaeological Report
 •Pampanga—Kapampangan ANTH-4-25-1
 •Archaeology—Lamma Island
 •Land Bridge—Data & Reprints
 •Language Map of the Philippines
 •Leta-Leta Assemblage (Bernardo)
 •Lexical Check List for Comparative Study of Philippine Languages
 •Bisayan—The Life of the People of Occidental Negros in the Last Half of the Nineteenth Century as Told by the Traditions. Emilio B. Tarrosa
 •Gen. Charles Lindbergh
 •Lindbergh – Fox Exploration
 •Lindbergh Introduction
 •Linguistics – Abaknon or Kapulenyo
 •Linguistics – Checklist for Morphonemics
 •Linguistics – Comparative Study of “Root,” “Leaf,” “Medicine”
 •Linguistic – Data on Groups
 •Linguistics – Fox, Sibley, & Eggan
 •Linguistics – Molbog
 •Linguistics – Mindoro
 •Linguistics – Sama in Sulu

Box 22
 •Lumbang Nuts
 •Lynch—Anthropology Bibliography
 •Lynch—Sixty Years of Philippine Ethnology : A First Glance at the Years 1901-1961
 •Malay, Paula Carolina. Birth, Marriage and Death
 •Tagalog—Malay—Poverty in a Tagalog Fishing Community
 •Archaeology—Malays—Polynesian Land Tenure
 •Mandelbaum, D.G. Comparison of Cultures, The Indian Village
 •Manila Archaeological Project (La Loma)
 •Manobo Groups – B.L. McElroy
 •Mansaka—Ruhnke Manuscript
 •Manuel Articles
 •Manuscript – R.B. Fox National Museum
 •Map of Minorities

Box 23
 •Maranao – The Epic of the Maranaws : Darangen ANTH-4-7-6
 •Maranao – Map of Sunken Tugaya Town (Lanao) ANTH-4-7-7
 •Maranao – Saber, Mamitua. Maranao Decorative Designs & Patterns (A Survey of Folk Art)
 •Maranao – Moro Studies and Saber ANTH-4-7-2
 •Maranao Women
 •Maranaw – Francisco
 •Marinduque—Ifugao-like Statues
 •Marine Archaeo
 •Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engels. The Communist Manifesto
 •Masukol Map ANTH-4-21-1
 •McCarthy, Charles J. The Overseas Chinese
 •McElroy. Ceramic Buddha
 •Medical Practices in the Philippines
 •Mednick. “The Other Philippines”
 •Fox—Men and Women in the Philippines
 •Fox—Men & Women in the Philippines
 •Mestizo Family and Social Class
 •Mindoro, Occ., Report on
 •Mindoro Peoples
 •Mountain Province – Notes ANTH-4-6-1
 •Muslim Associations
 •Myrdal, Gunnar. An American Dilemma

Box 24
 •Nasugbu, Batangas Field Notes – ANTH-2-16-1
 •National Geographic – 1st Progress Report
 •National Museum Excavations
 •National Research Council
 •National Science Foundation (Proposal)
 •Navarro, Adolfo C. The City of Zamboanga : a Brief History
 •Negrito – Bataan
 •Negrito Languages – Ayta Compared
 •Negrito Research – Action Project
 •Neolithic Pottery
 •Newspaper Clippings
 •Fox—Notes for Foreword to Mrs. Main’s Book

Box 25
 •Palaeolithic Data
 •Pala-wan—Amirol’s Study of Udyong
 •Palawan Development
 •Pala-wan (Japanese Report)
 •Palawan – Incest
 •Palawan – Marche Translation
 •Palawan – Tree Community
 •Palawan Volunteers (Anthro File)
 •PANAMIN Research Centre
 •Paombong Area – Project

Box 26
 •Paombong Project (Fishing Barrios)
 •Pardo De tavera, T.H. Contribution to the Study of the Ancient Philippine Alphabets
 •Parker, Lesther. Papers
 •Fox—“The Pecos Pueblo”
 •Penitensiya Research
 •Persisting Traditions Articles for Book
 •Persisting Traditions : Studies of Philippine Minority Groups
 •Fox—Personal File

Box 27
 •Philippine Income Tax
 •Philippine Language Sub-Grouping by Alan Healey
 •Philippine Linguistic Heritage—Maloney
 •Fox—The Philippine Palaeolithic
 •Philippine Studies Program Expenditures, Travel & Fieldwork, etc.
 •Fox—Philippines Since the Beginning of Times
 •Pila Museum
 •[Pinatobo Sambal]
 •Pinatubo Linguistics – SIL
 •Pinatubo Negrito—Field Notes ANTH-4-4-1

Box 28
 •Plastic Casts, Price List
 •Pottery Typology—Krieger
 •Prehistory (Chronology) of Japan
 •Correspondence—Thailand, Premchit, etc.
 •Protestant Directories
 •Punta Sunog, Calatagan
 •Questionnaire for High School Pupils
 •Quezon Province—History
 •Ramos, Maximo D. Getting Our Lower Mythological Creatures into the Curriculum
 •Fox—Random Notes on the Impact of Man on Vegetation in the Philippines
 •Redfield, Robert. The Art of Social Science
 •Redfield, Robert. Methods for Understanding the Little Community as an Analyzed Whole
 •Reid, Lawrence A. The Central Cordilleran Subgroup of Philippine Languages
 •Muslim—Report (Islam)
 •Research Foundation
 •Research Foundation in Philippine Anthropology & Archaeology
 •Reynolds, Hubert
 •Correspondence—Director Hubert Reynolds

Box 29
 •Correspondence—Saber (M.S.U.)
 •Samal by E.M. Kuder
 •Sankalia, H.D. The Early Palaeolithic in India and Pakistan
 •Archaeology—Sastri—Reviews “History of Srivijaya”
 •Seismic Instrument for Archaeology
 •Shamanism (Philippine & Southeast Asian Parallels). Demetrio F.R.
 •Shell Adzes—Casino
 •Sibley, Willis. Anthropology and Action Programs
 •Sibley, Willis E. The Formosan Tribes : a Survey Including Possible Relations Between Formosa and the Philippines]
 •Simmel, Georg Papers
 •Skeleton Cult—Java von Koenigswald
 •Smithsonian Institution
 •Society as the Patient
 •Socio-economic Aspects of Peasant Life Under the Sikhs and British
 •Soejono, R.P. Prehistoric Research in Indonesia After the Second World War  
 •Some Common Features in the Folk literature of the Balkans 

 •Some Thoughts on the Comparative Method in Social Anthropology
 •Spoehr, Alexander. Some Remarks on Kinship
 •Sta. Ana—Carlos Quirino
 •Sta. Ana Profile C-14 Dates
 •Steward, Julian H. The Economic and Social Basis of Primitive Bands

Box 30
 •Student Nurses—Problems ANTH-4-30-8
 •Sullivan, Audrie. Buddhism (Thereveda) in Thailand
 •Sulod—Jocano—Sulod Kinship
 •Sulod—Notes on the Sulod Concept of Death, the Soul, and the Region of the Dead by Felipe Landa Jocano
 •Sullivan, Audrie. Buddhism (Thereveda) in Thailand
 •Sulu Sultenate
 •Summer Institute of Linguistic
 •Survey of Cultural-Linguistic Groups (Basic Form)
 •Syllabus for Introductory Course in Action Anthropology
 •Tagalog—Tagalog Village Life in the Nineteenth Century—ANTH-4-20-3
 •Talim Archaeological Project
 •Tamil Minority in Ceylon
 •Taosug of Siasi, Sulu

Box 31
 •Test Vocabulary—Linguistics
 •Thai Reprints (Tribal Research Center)
 •Tiruray—UPI Project 1967
 •Tondo Archaeology
 •Urn Burial—Cotabato
 •Von Keonigswald, G.H.R. Lithic Industries of Pithecanthropus Erectus of Java
 •Warner, W. Lloyd. A Methodology for the Study of Social Class
 •Warren, Charles P. Papers
 •Whyte, William Foote. The Social Structure of the Restaurant
 •Yakan Education Thesis—Pamaran
 •Archaeology—Yengoyan, Aram A. The Initial Populating of the Philippines: Some Problems and Interpretations
 •Zamboanga—Fort Pilar (Spoehr)

Box 32
 •Contains illustrations on illustration boards and filed in envelopes labeled “Guri Cave”

Box 33
 •Contains maps.

Box 34 (Oversize Box)
 •Contains drawings and photos labeled “Masbate Earthenwares,” Dr. Wilhelm G. Solheim II

Box 35 (Oversize photos, illustrations, etc.)
 •6 photos mounted on illustration boards
 •Drawing of excavation site of jar
 •Reproduction of Dr. Robert Fox’s Rizal Pro-Patria Award
 •9 map illustrations of excavation sites, i.e., Bato Caves, Guri Caves, St. Francis Square, Sta. Ana Church
 •Explanatory Note on the Main Lithologic Units of the Philippines by Juan S. Teves (with a map of the Cordillera)
 •Distribution of Minority Groups by Language, Race & Culture, by Fox
 •Santa Ana, Saint Francis Square West Profile Soil Stratigraphy
 •Distribution of Philippine Minority Groups by Language, Culture, and Physical Type prepared for PANAMIN by Robert B. Fox (4 copies)
 •Maps in folder labeled T’boli map
   •Sketch Map of Three Hectare Lots (Claim by Tagabilis) Situated in the Municipalities of Surala, Banga & Tupi Province of South Cotabato, Island of Mindanao
   •Map of the Philippines
   •Map of Luzon
 •An Armchair Traveller’s Map of England by Elizabeth Harding 1942.
 •Map of Sulu, Basilan with Locations of Indigenous Peoples
 •Map of Luzon
 •1 Illustration dated by C14 in Duyong Cave to 4630 ± 250 B.P. and 5680 ± 80 B.P. (Neolithic)

Box 36
•Pots and sherd drawings labeled W. Solheim Masbate E 

For inquiries, visit the Cordillera/Northern Luzon Historical Archives or email